Two Old Men

Treecare Bike

Two old men sat on the park bench.
Although they came from opposite quarters of the world they shared a common mother tongue as they met in a third quarter, a place where foreign tongues were ill understood, even unwelcome.
Two eccentrics; two bicyclists; two septuagenarians born just 24 days apart.
Nong said to Pii: “Everybody asks ‘Aren’t I afraid riding a bicycle around town? More afraid in a motor vehicle.’ The  answer.”
“Why fear when past three score years and ten” Pii thought.
This was not the first encounter of the two old men. Ten days earlier Pii came across Nong sitting on his favourite park bench. This time though, Nong was on his feet walking around with two small buckets. Red in the left hand, or at least one would hope so that port and starboard were not to be confused, and in the other hand Green.
“The lady in the shop was somewhat bemused to encounter a whitey buying little buckets so far in advance of the annual water festival.” said Nong.
But the truth be that in the coming year there may be no water festival. There may be no water, as the Little Boy, egged on by failures of Kyoto, Copenhagen .. and heaven help all,  perhaps Paris, brings on a record breaking drought.
Nong had come earlier for peace, quiet and green beauty. So had Pii , but Pii also had another motive.
The park was not as green as one might like. Far too little shade for the sweltering tropics, and what there was,  consisted largely of exotic trees providing poor habitat for native birds and animals.
Pii had been persuaded by a friend, now absent in the desert lands of Arabia, to invite local folk who use the park, not as does Nong, but for evening exercise. Mostly they can be seen plodding around in zombie like state with little interest in social interaction.
Would the suggestion bear fruit and see exercise for public, not only private benefit? Would they join in and help plant trees for the squirrels? Would they then offer to carry water to see the trees through the long dry to come?
On planting day a group of Pii’s friends came to give a hand and the job was nicely done with around sixty small trees of local varieties in the ground and some good follow up rain to help them settle in and grow. No, the zombies continued to behave as before ignoring the activity. Not entirely, a couple asked what was happening and one rather old man who lived nearby was happy to take a golden flowering Payom tree ( Shorea roxburghii) home to plant there.
Come to the present, four days after the two old men sat complaining about the younger generation Pii returned. Returned with a feeling of guilt and apprehension, but equipped to ease both.
The problem was, despite his sailors buckets, the distances water had to be carried to trees planted far from Nong’s favourite park bench were daunting and a diligent water carrier might well risk heat exhaustion. But Pii had a solution as his bicycle was equipped with a carry rack and a pair of state of the art, all weather imported panniers. Each of these could carry eight litres of bottled water for the thirsty little trees.
Just as well Pii was so equipped, as all but one of the few watering points in the park, yes even in the decrepit toilet blocks, were out of action. The remote trees had their drink and should be out of danger from drought for a good week or so.
However a problem remains for Pii. Nong was not there this day and Pii wants to let Nong know not to worry about the remote trees. But how to get the message to Nong? Pii did not have the fore thought to pack paper and pencil to write a note and leave in Nong’s bucket hiding place.
So Pii writes this account in the confident knowledge following Mr Snowden’s revelations, that the English spies who cunningly pretend to be comedians in order to keep a close eye on the comings and goings of Nong’s possibly seditious writers circle, will do as Mother would wish.
Mother Earth that is.
… and an after thought. Anybody interested in supporting this project is invited to record a comment below and a response will be forth coming.
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กิจกรรมปั่นเพื่อแม่ข่า – Ride for Mae Kha -23rd September 2015

กิจกรรมปั่นเพื่อแม่ข่า 23rd September 2015

This event involving around 60 police and soldiers students and bike club members rode from the Three Kings to Pa Daet and then to Tessaban Mae Kha. I rode as far as Pa Daet without my camera but these pics from Google Earth show some of what we saw or missed. As well there were brief views of the canal as the route crossed bridges in the down town area. When the Mae Ka campaign opened 5 years ago with a fanfare opposite Denchai trading we were promised paths along the stream for cycling and walking. A broken promise like another that ends this story.

Mae Kha Esplanade
Above: Google Earth pic with the city moat at bottom left and Mae Kha canal running to the north along which we rode. The canal waters do not enter the moat.

Mae Kha Esplanade on ground 1Mae Kha Esplanade on ground 3
Where the bike ride first met the canal just south of Denchai trading and the Municipal stadium.

We rode along the concrete road to the right. Note across the canal a line of trees and iron fence and a disused walkway. Access cut off to the north by a new gas station where the municipality cuts of the tree tops, and to the south where a bamboo ramp is too rotten to use.

Mae Kha Chang Klan

At Chang Klan about 2 km south of the previous view. Here again is the only other place where one can ride beside the Mae Kha with a quiet path bikes can use, built by Thaksin Shinawatra with complete trees and a sala, all destroyed by the municipal government with its destructive insistence on using a huge dredge beside the canal. This has no benefit by somebody is getting paid? The cycle route avoided the path and took the road parrallel to the west with no view of Mae Kha.

Mae Kha Chang Klan junctionMae Kha Chang Klan Thaksin Way EntranceHere at Chang Klan the cyclists went to the right rather than crossing the bridge on the left.

The entrance to Thaksin Way beside the canal. A few trees from the 50 community plantings 4 years ago remain, the rest all destroyed.

Mae Kha Chiang Mai Land No Go air shot Mae Kha ChiangMai LandClose up of the next photo. The Mae Kha approaching Mahidol Rd, the southern leg of Ching Mai’s Super Hwy ring road. An unmade bumpy road follows the canal here and luckily for us no rain so no mud. There is no view of the canal as squatter housing lines the bank. The state of the track indicates the contempt Town Hall has for the people here. Just as well the mayor didn’t join the ride. In January the Deputy Governor said that alternative sanitary housing would be provided for squatters along Mae Kha. This month he retires without action to match his words. Meanwhile millions are being spent on lavish road works and concreting the Mae Ping.

Google Earth Street view does not follow the route we took and so hides this ugliness in our rich city.

Entrance to the rough track serving squatter homes and leading to Mahidol Rd.

Entrance to the rough track serving squatter homes and leading to Mahidol Rd.

Trees along the Mae Kha protect the squatter housing. There is ample land in the area where the squatters could be resettled, the bank cleared of shacks and a lovely path built for touring. Instead we have endless meetings and talk and no a bike ride to what end?

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Payap Plants Huai Teng Tao & Weeds & Mulches

August 28th 2015 a.d. Ten years on from initial tree planting at Huai Teng Tao by Gum Hak Doi Suthep and students and staff from Payap International College English Program join the effort to restore the floral biodiversity to Chiang Mai’s premier recreation site.

Our photo upload feature is temperamental but today –Payap P1040111

Payap International College Students

Often tree planting is poorly done in Thailand with inadequate, or should one say no, attention to the perennial problem of competing weed growth and exposure to the soil from dry season dessication by the hot Sun.

As this video made by one of the students Esther attending shows, students were given practical work to demonstrate these issues. Starring in the video is Antoinette VanDerWater, from Bring the Elephant Home who also brought more volunteers along a week later. And the good news about the students is, they liked weeding so much that they want to return to do some maintenance of the young trees in October and other volunteers are welcome.

Follow up work is also being carried out by the Meur Yen Ban Yen volunteers who planted recently around Chiang Mai moat as this photo of recently staked trees shows. So perhaps the idea of after care for trees is catching on?

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Four more YangNa trees to be axed for road widening

Or is it 24 more?

Four more YangNa are to be axed for road widening is what I was told today at the  Roads Department head office on the Super Hwy near the Chiangmai Promenada shopping center.

Mahodol Rd at Nong Hoi is two lane ( each way) roads officer Mr Somchai told me when I was ushered into his office to request planting of YangNa trees at the intersection with the Chiangmai-Lamphun Rd.

Nong Hoi intersection green wasteland.

Nong Hoi intersection green wasteland.

Their plan is to widen the Mahodol Rd to six lanes, and NO!” Yang trees would not be planted on the four large grassy triangles of land at the intersection”. In fact four more big Yang trees were to be cut down for the road expansion and this has already had approval from the Forests Department.

He further pointed out that neither Yang ( Dipterocarpus species ) or Sak  ( Teak,  Tectona grandis ) were allowed to be planted beside main roads. The reason for this may best be attributed to inter-departmental rivalry. Under Thai forest law Yang and Sak trees, having valuable timber, may be cut down only with  the approval of the Forests Department. The Roads Department , being the most powerful government body alongside the Irrigation Department, because of their huge construction budgets, with the attendant secret financial arrangements, are understandably reluctant to answer to a minor part of the government bureaucracy.
Garden viewed from Roads Office

Garden viewed from Roads Office

The Roads Department clearly have their own, dictated from Bangkok head office I was further informed, standards for roadside horticulture and landscape. Providing shade for the roadway and its travelers does not feature. Nor it seems from the fastidious trimming of hedges and trees in provinces all over the country is cost minimization considered. For example the manicured garden in front of the office stands as a rival to ChiangMai’s Royal Flora, while at the rear the elaborate concreting of this park space completely surrounded by roads rivals the pavements at Wat Chedi Luang in terms of both extravagance and potential harm to established trees.

Roads Dept Park

Roads Dept Park

As for the nature conservation authorities in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, which includes the Forest Department and the National Parks bureaucracy, they appear bereft of any policy to protect the natural values of roadsides, as well as streams and canals.  As a relevant example, at a recent meeting in Nong Peung municipality in amphoe Sarapee, when I asked how many of the twenty big Yang trees would be at the third bypass road intersection with Chiangmai-Lamphun Rd, the the officer presenting newly decreed regulations to protect the trees of that once magnificent avenue, evaded the question. Perhaps the heading of this story should be 24 more YangNa to be axed for road widening?

There has been a good deal of activity of late led by Mae Jo University lecturer Bunchong Somboonchai and his team of Tree Doctor volunteers, attempting to return health to ailing big old trees both along the Chiangmai-Lamphun Rd and elsewhere.

Surely it is time the Chiang Mai community came to his aid in the manner of the Nan residents who objected to the Roads Department plans to destroy their “Tunnel of Teak”, and to insist on appropriate standards for tree care and establishment along our roadsides.

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Tree Planting Huai Teng Tao 28th August 2015

Proposals submitted early this month for urban forest planting have fallen on deaf ears.

However staff and students from the International College at Payap University have asked for assistance from Gum Hak Doi Suthep to plant trees and this will take place at  Huai Teng Tao 28th August 2015.

Planting site

Planting site


The plan involves teaching some bush land management skills, direct seed planting and planting of trees. All welcome. The site is between the road around the lake and the lake just south of paddy fields north of the lake. Rendez-vous at the Scout Camp and toilet facilities 200 metres to the south by 1:30 pm.

Chiang Mai resident Mr Adrian Pieper has kindly provided financial assistance for this project

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Naomi – Everything REALLY Must Change

Naomi Klein is a truly shocking writer. Read her latest 466 closely typed pages and 60 more of notes in her latest book “This Changes Everything” and you will not fail to be shocked by many of the thousands of revelations therein. (Now available at Chiang Mai bookstores ).

Clearly though, in the lead up to this years Paris Climate Talks U.S. President Barak Obama, if he has read Naomi, has chosen with his recent announcement of greenhouse gas emissions targets in coming decades to ignore her dire warnings and Paris seems set for a feel good “success” while the ice melts and millions die.  Naomi however will likely shrug and say “told you so”.



Victoria, the southern most mainland state of the Commonwealth of Australia however aims to be a “Climate Leader” and has called called for submissions to a panel reviewing its Climate Act. Below is a personal submission and one which having but a smattering of detail raises issues either omitted by Naomi or left unclear such as Cuba, Yugoslavia, the Grand Tour and Cut Flowers.

To: The Victorian Climate Change Act Review Panel

Dear Panel,

My interest in the challenge of a heating world goes back many years. During the period of the Cain and Kirner governments 1982-92 I served as a member of the ALP Conservation and Environment Policy committee and also for a time on its Transport Policy committee.
During that period my comrades and I became aware of the negative environmental impacts and expanding Melbourne metropolis was having and especially the destruction caused by expanding roads infrastructure at the expense of public and bicycle transport.
During the period of John Cain’s Premiership the government introduced a State Conservation Strategy and in considering the draft document I noticed that the officers had omitted reference to the issue of climate change and at my initiative this omission was corrected, and to my knowledge became the first Victorian Government policy document to recognise the problem.

I regret to say that over the following years governments have not taken this issue to heart but on the contrary have promoted expansionist economic agendas which have greatly increased Victoria’s carbon footprint.

In answering the government’s brief to review the Climate Change Act a heavy weight falls upon the shoulders of the reviewers and I urge you to approach your task with due humility. You may have experience in areas such as carbon trading, please put this aside and invite fresh minds to join in preparing advice for the parliament.

Just as my comrades and I failed to stem the freeway construction tide a generation ago, the framers of the Kyoto protocol have failed to stem, let alone reverse, greenhouse gas emissions. The time for setting targets for the gradual reduction of emissions to effect necessary change has past.

Since the last review of Victoria’s climate laws it appears much has changed for the worse.

Take for example this recent Rolling Stone story replete with tales of looming extinction of much of life on Earth :

Looking at how close are we to the methyl clathrate tipping point which would make irrelevant any attempts to slow global warming by eliminating fossil fuel combustion?The views of appeared to be ignored.

Melbourne author David Spratt  in his blog explains how any continued fossil fuel combustion is incompatible with human civilization. He calls for an emergency response along the lines of the full economic and social mobilization of the Allies in the face of the threat of Axis in the 1940s. Together with the Soviet command economy this mobilization defeated Axis.

David’s approach may sound alarming. What will happen to our freedoms we may ask?

Better to ask “What will happen to the freedom of the 80?” . Who are the 80? They are the richest in the world who between them have as much wealth as all the rest of humanity. These are the people, as Naomi Klein details in “This Changes Everything” who have engineered the present economic system through the development of the World Trade Organisation and its rules which override national, state and local governments and their efforts to build green economies and deny Third World countries the means to care for their people by the fraud of intellectual property rights.

And the 80 run the world and the politicians whether we elect them or not. The 80 have locked us into life and production practices which are destroying life on Earth. Victorians need to be made aware of this if the state is to play a leadership role in the climate struggle, and this awareness needs to be taken forcefully to Paris to lobby every national delegation to the upcoming climate talks later this year.

Returning to the analogy of war time mobilisation I recall my grandmother who lived in Melbourne from the age of four talking about her taking a grand tour of “the Continent” during the early 1930’s and describing Budapest as the most beautiful city in the world. Of course come the outbreak of war in 1939 intercontinental touring came to an abrupt stop.

The perils the world faces today are far worse than the Nazi and Japanese horrors and a rational response today would likewise be to end intercontinental tourism. Just as the USA suspended auto manufacture overnight and turned to building the means of war, industrial societies today need to abandon enterprises such as oil and gas prospecting, or willfully trivial trade such as airfreight of cut flowers and in fact practically everything apart from life preserving medical supplies or famine relief. These activities do not warrant a phased shut down but immediate action.

The second world war was seen as an opportunity for some in the banking and resources sectors for enrichment and while nations suffered some in business prospered.  The social benefits of private ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange and of so-called intellectual property are now far outweighed by the monstrous economic machine that is its creation.

Victorian law needs to be a leader in requiring all enterprises be jointly managed by the workers and the communities they serve. This law needs to be applied comprehensively so that no foreign board rooms will be deciding what goes in Victoria. This was the model of socialism which was very successful in the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In many cases this will involve closing down of previous production and converting resources to sustainable processing, and there are examples in the west where new cooperative enterprises have prospered under such arrangements.

Another example which could serve as a beacon for Victoria, is the sudden transformation of the Cuban economy with its industrialised export oriented agricultural sector  from one highly dependent on oil when the demise of Comecon brought this to a halt. The change forced Cubans to desist from motoring and millions of bicycles were provided for the people who showed a marked improvement in their cardio-vascular health. Also a team of Victorian Permiculture specialists traveled to Cuba during this Special Period and introduced measures to improve nutrition.

It is said that during the hardships of World War II in England under the Nazi blitz, there was never-the-less a strong fighting spirit and unity among the people. The challenge for Victoria which unlike many parts of the world presently suffering terrible suffering from climate changing floods and extremes of heat and cold is better placed to make changes and ensure social justice, is to build a new community spirit to transform our economy and our relations with each other and our mother Earth.

I give permission for my submission to be published by the review committee .


Might one hope that the Thai delegation to Paris, unlike the government with its head firmly buried in the sand, picks up some points and provides a positive influence on the talks?


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Bike for MOM – but don’t forget the trees.

We have written before about Thailand’s Crown Prince and his love of cycling and now the whole country has been alerted to the fact by his leadership of the “Bike for MOM” events to celebrate Mother’s Day and the Queen’s birthday.

2015-07-02 12.36.05 Bike for Mom

This event is a welcome promotion for cycling where Car Free Day means cars as usual, unlike say the cities of Bogota in Columbia or Jakarta closer to home.

But with the excitement of this event please give some thoughts and plan some action on one of the issues dearest to the heart of Queen Sirikit, namely the Conservation of the Environment.

In years gone by tree planting in honour of the Queen has been the norm, and this year, despite the impact of the drought, should be no exception.

It is not too late to organize a series of planting events beginning on the day of the bike ride and then over the following two weekends to plant three new urban forests as we suggested early this month.

So may we request during the next two weeks the office of the Governor organise teams of volunteers including soldiers and prisoners, as was done recently with cleaning rubbish from the Mae Kha Canal, to prepare the planting sites and with community assistance organize trees, stakes, mulch and tools for planting and watering the young trees. Each of the sites suggested:

1. South of the Government Center ( Sala Klang) for planting on 16th August

2. Railway Park for planting on 23rd August, and

3. Huai Teng Tao for planting on 30th August

have management crews who can assist with directing and undertaking weed control and watering trees as necessary during the dry.

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Panoramic Planting Possibilities

Things seldom come as we might prefer. Last year the rains were good but the government tree nurseries were in a state of chaos. This year almost no rain but as good supply of trees seedlings is available.

But if we plant where to plant? Chiang Mai has a new group of enthusiasts who have been planting trees around the moat and inner city places, but there are limitations to this approach, so how about broad acre forest restoration?

Here we present photos of sites which are crying out for trees, all on government land.  So choose one or two or more, talk to the managing body and seek their assistance and go for it!

NOTE: Click on a picture and keep clicking to see it blown up to full screen size and beyond, and please leave a commet to show your interest.

Sala Klang Government Center

Sala Klang Government Center

North of the Golf Course

North of the Golf Course


Ralway Park East for planting

Ralway Park East for planting


Huai Teng Tao Northern edge

Huai Teng Tao Northern edge

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ภูมิประเทศแบบเมืองเชียงใหม่ – ภาษาไทย – English

ChiangMai Urban Landscape Model

                                        – ภูมิประเทศแบบเมืองเชียงใหม่

Over the long history of the development of the Earth countless species of living things have evolved. As a  result of this evolution, and given its fortunate geographical position, Thailand has some of the greatest diversity of plant life on Earth. For example there are more species of orchids and also of the ginger family in Thailand than in any other country. The orchids and the gingers, both with their fantastic beauty and variety, however, do not live in isolation. They are plants of the forest, one growing mostly on the branches of trees, the other in the shade beneath them.

·      ตลอดระยะเวลาอันยาวนานที่สิ่งมีชีวิตชนิดต่างๆ บนโลก ได้มีวิวัฒนาการมาจนถึงทุกวันนี้  
·     ผลจากวิวัฒนาการดังกล่าว ทำให้มันเติบโตได้ในทำเลที่เหมาะสม
·      ประเทศไทยนั้น มีความหลากหลายของพืชพันธุ์ที่ยิ่งใหญ่ที่สุดแห่งหนึ่งของโลก
·      ตัวอย่างเช่น มีพันธุ์กล้วยไม้และพืชตระกูลขิงมากกว่าที่แห่งใดในโลก ซึ่งมีความสวยงามและหลากหลาย และอาศัยอยู่ในระแวกเดียวกัน  โดยต่างก็เป็นพืชป่า
·      กล้วยไม้ส่วนใหญ่นั้น จะอาศัยอยู่ตามกิ่งไม้  ส่วนพืชตระกูลขิงนั้นจะอาศัยอยู่ใต้ร่มเงาของต้นไม้

The trees of our country also show great variation in appearance, form and mode of living, with over 1000 species recorded in the north. Yet for those of us growing up the fertile plains of the valleys, and in the towns and cities, this may come as a surprise. When we look around we see mostly a few varieties of economic trees and of ornamental trees planted for shade and color. Most of the latter either come from distant continents, from  Africa, Australia or America or if from Thailand from distant provinces.

·      ต้นไม้ในเมืองไทยนั้น มีความหลากหลายในรูปลักษณ์และการเจริญเติบโต ซึ่งมีมากกว่า 1 พันชนิดในภาคเหนือของประเทศ ที่ได้รับการบันทึกไว้
·      แต่ทว่า พวกเรานั้นอาศัยอยู่ตามพื้นที่ราบอันอุดมสมบูรณ์ระหว่างหุบเขา เราอาศัยอยู่ในเขตเมือง ทำให้เราไม่รู้ถึงความหลากหลายดังกล่าว
·      เวลาที่เรามองไปรอบๆ  ส่วน ใหญ่แล้ว เราก็จะเห็นแต่พืชเศรษฐกิจเพียงไม่กี่ชนิดที่ปลูกขึ้นเพื่อเป็นไม้ประดับที่ ให้ร่มเงาและสีสัน ซึ่งส่วนใหญ่แล้ว ได้นำเข้ามาจากทวีปแอฟริกา ทวีปออสเตรเลีย และทวีปอเมริกา หรือถ้าเป็นไม้เมืองไทยก็จะมาจากต่างจังหวัดไกลๆ

As a result, our society is so losing touch with the natural world, that we have come to regard living trees as if they were inanimate pieces of furniture, perhaps at times also beautiful, but never-the-less just objects of utility to be shuffled around at will or cut or destroyed. So it is little wonder that we tend to shrug off news that a swathe of trees has gone for a road widening, or that yet another damaging fire sweeps through the forest destroying natural regeneration.

·      ด้วย เหตุนี้ เราจึงไม่ค่อยได้สัมผัสกับธรรมชาติของโลกอย่างที่ควร เรามองต้นไม้ราวกับว่า มันไม่มีชีวิต มันเป็นเพียงแค่ไม้ที่มีไว้เพื่อทำเฟอร์นิเจอร์ หรือบางทีก็แค่เป็นไม้ประดับเพื่อความสวยงาม เรามองมันเหมือนเป็นแค่วัตถุที่ให้อรรถประโยชน์ ซึ่งต้องถูกตัดไปเพื่อใช้ตามวัตถุประสงค์
·      ฉะนั้น จึงไม่น่าแปลกใจเลยว่า เรามีแนวโน้มที่จะไม่ใส่ใจกับข่าวเกี่ยวกับการตัดไม้เพื่อทำถนนให้กว้างขึ้น หรือการเผาป่า ซึ่งเป็นการทำลายชีวิตใหม่ในทางธรรมชาติ

With this attitude we stand to loose much of our natural heritage and what makes the place where we live unique.

·      ด้วยทัศนคตินี้เอง ทำให้เราละเลยต่อมรดกทางธรรมชาติของเราและต่อสิ่งที่ทำให้ที่ๆ เราอาศัยอยู่มีความเป็นเอกลักษณ์

Tall Trees & Electric Wires in a Shady Soi

Tall Trees & Electric Wires in a Shady Soi

To counter this we propose here in Chiang Mai we develop a program to reverse this trend and to bring our community, and especially the younger generation, back in touch with nature, and in particular the natural heritage of Chiang Mai.

·      เพื่อแก้ไขปัญหานี้ เราจึงได้เสนอและพัฒนาโครงการหนึ่งขึ้นมาชื่อว่า “ChiangMai Urban Landscape Model”(ภูมิประเทศแบบเมืองเชียงใหม่) เพื่ออนุรักษ์มรดกทางธรรมชาติของจังหวัดเชียงใหม่และนำชุมชนของเรา โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่งเยาวชนให้กลับมาสัมผัสกับมรดกทางธรรมชาติของเมือง เชียงใหม่

So here in the city, near our river the Mae Ping we are beginning to replant the trees which grew here in ancient times as an early step in the development of the ChiangMai Urban Landscape Model.

·      โดยเริ่มปลูกไม้โบราณที่เป็นต้นไม้ท้องถิ่นของเมืองเชียงใหม่ ตามแม่น้ำปิง ซึ่งถือเป็นขั้นแรกของการพัฒนาโครงการ

Rather than planting trees in the tradition of feudal  Europe, evenly spaced and one species, the model copied by the

roads department, our model aims to be true to the natural heritage of the place we plant. This means selecting trees native to the location and its natural diversity, and attempting to restore this diversity in our parks and gardens. Similarly along the roads and lanes of the town we prefer a mix to reduce the problems of loss and disease which can result where only one species is planted.

·      เรา คงไม่ปลูกต้นไม้ในแบบดั้งเดิมที่ประเทศในโซนยุโรปทำกัน โดยปลูกเพียงชนิดเดียว แล้วเว้นระยะเท่าๆ กัน ซึ่งการปลูกแบบนี้ได้ถูกนำมาใช้โดยการทางแห่งประเทศไทย  แต่รูปแบบที่เราจะเอามาใช้นั้น เรามีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อให้สอดคล้องกับความเป็นจริงในทางธรรมชาติของที่ๆ เราปลูก
·      นั่น หมายความว่า เราจะเลือกไม้พื้นเมืองของท้องถิ่นนั้นๆ และตามความหลากหลายทางธรรมชาติของมัน และจะพยายามฟื้นฟูความหลากหลายนี้ในสวนสาธารณะและในไร่สวน รวมไปถึงตามถนนหนทางและตรอกซอกซอยต่างๆ ด้วย
·      ทั้งนี้ เราเลือกที่จะใช้ความหลากหลายนี้ เพื่อลดปัญหาการสูญเสียและโรคซึ่งเป็นผลมาจากการปลูกไม้เพียงชนิดเดียว

So for example near the river we are guided by  remnants of the ancient forests and by a study of similar riverine environments. So for example we find Hopea odorata growing at the Forest Office, Holoptelea integrifolia, Drypetes roxburghii at the McKean Rehabilitation Center, while Anogeissus acuminata grows both in a riverside cemetery, and Aphanamixis polystachya and Dipterocarpus turbinatus on the banks of the Nan River and tributaries of the Ping.

·      เราได้ศึกษาพันธุ์ไม้ที่พบตามเขตป่าเก่าที่ยังเหลืออยู่ รวมถึงสภาพแวดล้อมริมแม่น้ำ 
·      ตัวอย่างเช่น เราพบ ต้นตะเคียนทอง ที่สำนักงานป่าไม้ต้นกระเชา และต้นมะคำไก่ ที่ศูนย์ฟื้นฟูแมคเคน (สถาบันแมคเคนเพื่อการฟื้นฟูสภาพ) 
·      ขณะ ที่ต้นตะเคียนหนู เราพบที่ สุสานแห่งหนึ่งที่อยู่ริมแม่น้ำ เราพบ ต้นขมิ้นดงและต้นยางแดง ที่ริมแม่น้ำน่านและแม่น้ำสายย่อยต่างๆ ของแม่น้ำปิง

Further from the river and streams other species such as Shorea roxburghii and Irvingia malayana and others become prominent until one reaches the Tectona grandis zone at the edge of Doi Suthep.

·      สำหรับ พื้นที่ที่ไกลออกไปจากแม่น้ำและลำธาร เราพบไม้ชนิดอื่น เช่น พะยอม กระบก และพันธุ์ไม้อื่นๆ ที่มีความโดดเด่น ยาวจนไปถึงโซนไม้สักที่ขอบของดอยสุเทพ

Along with the issue of selecting the right trees for the right place comes that of their placing and management. As almost all of our local trees have an erect habit growing them near, power lines and large buildings need not pose a problem so long as any pruning is restricted to lateral branches and the tops of the trees are allowed to soar and the root zone is protected from undue disturbance. This means guidelines for tree planting and maintenance are an essential element of our ChiangMai Urban Landscape Model, along with training programs for utility and garden workers and managers.

·      การเลือกปลูกต้นไม้ให้เหมาะสมกับทำเลที่ปลูกนั้น นำมาซึ่งการบริหารจัดการ เนื่องจากว่า ไม้พื้นเมืองเกือบทั้งหมดนั้น เป็นไม้ยืนต้น  การ ปลูกใกล้เสาไฟฟ้าและตึกอาคารขนาดใหญ่นั้น จำเป็นต้องมีการควบคุม โดยการตัดแต่งกิ่งด้านข้างและให้สูงขึ้นทางด้านบน และมีการดูแลรากจากสิ่งรบกวนที่ไม่เหมาะสม
·      เหล่า นี้คือแนวทางสำหรับการปลูกต้นไม้และการบำรุงรักษา ซึ่งเป็นองค์ประกอบที่สำคัญของโครงการนี้ ด้วยการให้การอบรมแก่ผู้ที่เกี่ยวข้อง

As originators of this concept BIG Tree in Town and Gum Hak Doi Suthep welcome community involvement in developing a working model uniquely suited to Chiang Mai.

·      ในฐานะผู้ริเริ่มแนวคิด BIG Tree in Town และ Gum Hak Doi Suthep (กลุ่มฮักดอยสุเทพ)
·      เราขอเชิญผู้ที่เกี่ยวข้องมาร่วมกันพัฒนารูปแบบการทำงานที่เหมาะสมกับจังหวัดเชียงใหม่

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